"I'm always curious as to what I'll see about albino moose because of my experience with one special one seen here in southeast Idaho in the Fall of 2002. The three pictures that you have featured on your website depicting the albino moose and her calf were taken by my neighbor and myself . My neighbor took the one of the same moose standing with her black calf.

Tammy Tarbet, southeast Idaho"

Thanks to Tammy Tarbot for allowing us the privelege of displaying these remarkable photos.

As above

"The ....picture of the cow with the black calf was taken by my neighbor Lyona Burdick. This moose was the topic of big conversations back in 2002. The people of the valley were so interested in her that they petitioned the Idaho Fish & Game to close the moose hunting season to the taking of white moose to protect her. Everyone knew that some idiot would love to have her beautiful white head hanging on their wall. The petition was a success and she was protected. She has been seen each year since that with a new calf - all of which have been dark so far. She doesn't seem to be all that frightened and my photos are just a couple of many that have been taken of her. Tammy Tarbet, Idaho"


I was fly fishing only 15 feet away from this trio when I took the picture. They were totally un-intimidated by my presence as I was theirs. I continued to fly fish as if they were not there and they did their thing without direct stares, except by the youngster above. Another youngster was hiding in the bush on the other side of the stream until mother encouraged it to come forward by some im-perceptible, by me, signal.


Spruce Gum:

If you have never tasted all-natural spruce gum as the American Indians and early voyagers had it, you should definitely treat yourself to the real thing. There is no experience like it. This is not for denture wearers. Check out the Yum-Yums page at

Natural-list: Home


The males become aggressive in the Fall and can be dangerous.


photo by Diane Bundy


The cow above had 3 babies--there is another one in the bushes. Usually they have 2.



Moose are members of the deer family and are considered big game. The one above probably weighs over 1,200 lbs and stands over 6' at the shoulder! Like deer, they shed their antlers yearly, which are rapidly eaten by rodents for the calcium and other nutrients.

Here is my recipe for Pemmigan:

Dried meat without fat (cooked if wild meat) mixed with any dried fruit (raisins, blueberries, cranberries, tomato, nanyberry, whatever) plus nuts (any kind and optional) plus healthy sprinkling of Ascorbic Acid (what can I say--preservative for you and the berries and meat). All the proportions are at your discretion. Here is the most important thing:

Melt suet (beef or wild animal) at low temp. Do not boil or overheat--just slowly and gently heat to melting. Take melted fat and allow to cool so as not to burn your hand and then saturate you mixture which you form into a ball the size of golf ball, squeezing out excess fat. Let cool, wrap in white paper towel, store in airtight container. This will last for years. I still nibble on mine I made 6 years ago. Great trail snack or survival food.


Too bad I don't have a better picture of this bull--He has to be the biggest that I have ever seen.

Larry Schweigert offers the following info on moose(Thanks Larry):

 "A really, really, really big moose (the largest in the world are in interior Alaska) will weigh 1600 pounds.  The largest moose ever documented was a bull from interior Alaska stock, hand raised from a calf in Alaska Department of Fish and Game Moose Research Center (with all the nutritional and other benefits that gives) a few miles from my home, and at which I occasionally volunteer.  It weighed 1696 pounds in it’s peak condition, just before rut, as a 6 year old.  They have raised several others from the same stock which achieved weights of around 1650 lbs.

The researcher scientists have told me they would be “very surprised”  if a bull in excess of 1700 is ever documented.  Doesn’t mean they aren’t out there in the wild, but would be very very rare, and of course, nearly impossible to document.  Weight guesses don’t count, as these same scientists who work with moose every day, and have them trained to step up and stand on scales, consider themselves “very lucky to guess an adult moose’s weight within 100 lbs.”.

The only time any bull would even approach a ton, is when carrying them a half mile or more, in pieces, to a float plane lake or vehicle after harvest.  Been there, done that, quite often.

My guess is that the bull pictured with the “weighs a ton” caption weighs between 1400 and 1500 pounds.  And I’ve seen several thousand moose in the last 35 years."

Hi Larry:

Thanks for your interest, response and information. The information which you provided will be added to the site—with your permission of course.

How long do moose live in protected or sheltered parks and do they continue to grow with age? 

Richard Nadeau

"The best single reference I have is “Ecology and Management of North American Moose” edited by Charles Schwarz and  Al Franzman, published by Smithsonian Institute.  It is a little spendy ( $70 I think) but is very comprehensive, answering just about any question in layman’s terms that a non-professional might have.  This is where my weight information comes from (besides personal communications with the biologists) – please credit it to that publication.  (I WAS being facetious about the carrying weight of a bull. The last piece is always heavier than the first one, no matter what size it is – and it takes 8 to 10 pack loads – those things are BIG! J)  The book is well worth the price for anyone enamored of moose, as we both obviously are.  Local library might have it also – if not, you might ask them to get a copy.

As I recall, moose can live in excess of 20 years, perhaps up to 30 under pen conditions (I’m on my work computer, and break, so this os off the top of my head).  Wild moose tend to have shorter life spans due to field and winter stress conditions.  Wild bulls tend to wear out at 12 to 14 years old, if they are not seriously injured before that while fighting during the rut.  Add a couple years for cows, maybe.  The biologists believe that animals are fully grown and become dominant,  “prime” animals at 6 or 7 years of age – what they will weigh at any particular time depends on season, forage amount, quality, etc.  Bulls will be at their peak condition in mid-September, just before rut, when they start losing weight.  Cows maintain their peaks for a month or so longer, until forage quality loss, pregnancy, and wintering metabolism (they eat less in the winter, no matter how much food, or it’s quality, is available) all kick in at about the same time.

Personally, I believe moose tend to “fill out” and become heavier as they age, if the forage is there, from personal field observations. Old bulls are built like Angus or Hereford bulls - very deep and blocky. On second thought, I think the record documented weight was taken when he was 5, not 6, and was not documented thereafter, as the fully mature prime bulls tend to get proddy and unreliable to be around from that time forward, I am told. Even the ones that have been bottle fed and handled from the time they were a few days old.    I was further told that he appeared to maintain about the same body weight at respective times of the year until he died several years later.    The pen raised, but not bottle fed and handled moose, although tolerant of close human presence, are not very trustworthy for intimate contact, especially the bulls, and one can 10X that during rut and pre-rut.  Essentially these are wild animals in a pen, and are used for non-intimate studies, such as forage preference studies, or those than need to be conducted under anaesthetic.

The Moose Research Center has, besides several log cabin residences for the biologists, office/warehouse space, and some outbuildings, and four pens, each one square mile.   Also  a dozen or so caribou.

I can shoot you a few pictures if you are interested, but if so, let’s move this to my home computer, where I will also have ready acces to my references.  Have a great day."


Thanks for the reference and information. I have another question for you or anyone who might know: Can a moose jump over a small car head-on without touching it?

Your positive responses are welcome.

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