Philodendron Micans: The Complete, Care, Propagation Guide You Need

Philodendron Micans plant has become a popular houseplant due to its deep green, velvety finish, and long trailing vines. This plant looks dashing in hanging pots, trellises, or climbing moss poles. The Micans Philodendron is known by several names, including Velvet Leaf Philodendron and Sweetheart plant.

Philodendron Micans

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This lovely, tiny plant is native to Mexico, the Caribbean, and the Seychelles. This best thrives in warm, humid environments. Its botanical name is Philodendron hederaceum var. Hederaceum.

If you consider getting this plant to add to your collection, you’ve come to the right place. Keep reading below for more guidelines and tips on how to take good care of your Philodendron micans.

Philodendron micans Profile

Profile Philodendron micans

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General Information

Philodendron is a large genus of plants in the Araceae family, and Micans is one of the species under it. Botanists in Europe gave this small gem the botanical name “Arum Hederaceum” in 1790. However, its official name up until 1850 was “Philodendron micans“.

Philodendron micans resemble the common heart-leaf philodendron in appearance; these plants have velvety, heart-shaped leaves with a dark reddish color on the underside of the leaf blade. They are also great, easy-to-grow houseplants, and their maintenance is fairly straightforward.

Etymology

The name “philodendron” comes from the Greek words “philo”, meaning “love” and “affection”, and “dendron,” meaning tree. So the Philodendron is loosely translated as “tree huggers” with these meanings. This is because they are often seen in the wild as tree climbers.

Flowering

It is quite uncommon for Philodendron micans to flower in an indoor setting, yet they can produce flowers under the right circumstances. It will most likely show its flowers in their natural environment in the wild. 

The flowers are tiny, odorless spathes that are white and green. After all, this specimen is kept as a houseplant because of its lovely leaves, which sparkle in the sunlight.

Season of Interest and Purchasing

The Micans Philodendron is a beautiful and eye-catching plant that will stand out in your houseplant collection. This gorgeous plant grows quickly, and the best time to enjoy it is in the summer or even in the early spring when it is actively growing.

Growth

Philodendron Micans can reach a great height under the right circumstances. Additionally, the plant grows quite quickly. When fully grown, it will measure an average of 10 to 20 feet in height and three to six feet in width. The leaves of a Philodendron micans can grow up to 4 inches long and 3 inches broad.

Related: Yellow? Goodbye! 7 Reasons Why Your Philodendron Is Changing Color

Philodendron Micans Overview

Scientific namePhilodendron hederaceum ‘Micans’
Common name/sPhilodendron Micans, Heartleaf Philodendron, Sweetheart Plant, Velvet Leaf Philodendron
FamilyAraceae
Growth HabitHerbaceous, Epiphytic Vine
Height and Spreadup to 10 to 20  feet in height, and three to six feet in spread
Classification based on life cyclePerennial
Origin and DistributionNative to Central and South America, Caribbean, and Mexico
Climate ZoneGenerally mild climate
USDA Plant Hardiness ZoneUSDA Zone 11-12
ColorVelvety, heart-shaped leaves with dark reddish underside

Care Tips

Care tips

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Light Requirement 

Like many other Philodendron species, velvet-leaf philodendron plants benefit from direct bright light. Because their leaves turn a richer green and appear more lush in this type of light. However, too much direct light might cause the foliage to burn. Furthermore, they can handle slightly less light than houseplants, but the leaves will be smaller.

During winter seasons, your Philodendron might use a little help. You can use grow lights, especially if your plant is placed in darker home environments or office spaces where light is scarce and not readily available. Your plant will grow even better if it has enough bright indirect light, so ensure they get the right amount they need. 

If your Philodendron plant starts to develop leggy and long leaves and considerable distances between the internodes of the leaves, it means your plant is not receiving the right amount of light. So again, direct sun for an extended period of time is definitely a no-no, or you will have crispy leaves!

Temperature Requirement

The ideal temperature for your trailing plant is between 68 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit. Although it can withstand low temperatures of 54 degrees Fahrenheit (12°C), it will develop slowly and possibly wilt. Furthermore, you should expect your plant to have health issues or seize up if you keep it outside of this temperature range for a lengthy period of time.

Avoid temperature swings by keeping plants away from outside doors that open and close regularly. If temperature swings are frequent, the plant will suffer, and its leaves will not be healthy. Misting the plant might be a solution since it helps to retain moisture and reduce temperature fluctuation.

Water Requirement

Philodendron Micans water requirement is generally the same as other Philodendrons. However, it prefers moist soil, damp but not soggy. This might take some balancing and getting used to, but you’ll learn its preferences once you’ve watered your plant long enough. It is essential, though, to avoid overwatering as it can lead to root rotting, one of the main culprits of deaths of Philodendrons.

To water your plant, check the soil first. Then, stick your fingers into the topsoil; if they are completely dry, your plant needs watering. Please pay attention to its leaves also. When it starts to have drooping leaves or yellow leaves, it means your plant is being overwatered or underwatered. 

To avoid this, rectify your watering schedule to your Micans to about twice a week, depending on your indoor air quality, climate, and moisture level. You may use tap water for this plant.

Humidity Requirement

Philodendron Micans prefer warm, humid conditions, given that this plant hails from the Caribbean, Mexico, and South America. They can reach incredible sizes in their wild habitat when the humidity is at 70% or more. 

When kept as a houseplant, it will still grow well at a humidity level of 45–50%. A humidifier can add more humidity or provide a higher humidity, encouraging your plant to grow bigger and healthier foliage.

Soil Requirement

Philodendron Micans thrives on well-drained, aerated soil that is also rich in organic matter for the roots. This plant grows better in a rich, well-draining potting soil that also contains organic ingredients for vital nutrients. To make the optimal potting mixture for your philodendron micans, use 1 part potting soil, 1 part orchid bark, 1 part perlite, and 1 part peat moss or coco coir. They thrive in fast-draining potting combinations and have a high content of organic materials. 

In order to prevent being muddy or flooded, use this potting mixture. This will let extra moisture drain to prevent the pot from being saturated.

Fertilizer Requirement 

During the growth season, Philodendron Micans will require fertilizer to provide the nutrition it needs. However, once fertilized on a regular basis, it grows well and produces healthy leaves. Fertilize it once a month throughout the growing season with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer such as organic and Espoma indoor plant food. It is a liquid that is high in micronutrients and nitrogen compounds.

Furthermore, using a balanced fertilizer, such as N-P-K, 10-10-10, or 20-20-20, at half the suggested strength, is the best choice for fertilizer.

Space Requirement

Philodendron micans are an excellent choice for tiny spaces. It grows nicely in a hanging basket, making it ideal for small spaces. Additionally, always get a larger size, so there is an inch or so of extra space. Choose a pot 2-3 inches larger than the existing one.

Also, note that Philodendron Micans is a creeping or climbing plant, so that it will need longer, rectangular containers and a moss pole. Make sure to give this plant ample room to flourish. 

Related: How To Propagate Philodendron: Things To Know

Growing and Planting Tips

Growing tips

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Propagation

You have two options in propagating Philodendron Micans: soil propagation and water propagation. However, Micans reproduce quickly in water, just like other vining plants.

Below are the detailed steps to successfully propagate Philodendron Micans:

Water propagation

Select a healthy stem with a healthy node between one and three inches long. Make a cut just below the node of the leaf. Place the stem cutting in a water container. Make sure that the plant nodes are submerged. Put the stem cuttings where it can get lots of bright, filtered sunlight. 

To avoid the accumulation of decaying germs, change the water at least once every week. For growth and development of the root, wait for a few weeks. Then, when the plant roots are about 1 inch long, you can transplant them into a pot of soil.

Soil propagation

Choose a stem with one node and one healthy leaf. Cut the stem 1 inch above and below the node. After that, plant the stem in the growing soil, making sure the node is also there. Keep an eye on it and wait till the cuttings are rooted. Afterward, you can move it to a pot, put it in a spot with some brightness, and irrigate it. 

Pruning

Trimming the stems can give the plant a fuller look. Then, using a pair of sterilized pruning shears, you can remove leggy vines and create a more bushy plant by pruning the vines to encourage new growth. The optimum seasons to prune Philodendron micans are spring and summer when it is actively growing.

Potting and Repotting

Repotting the Micans is sometimes necessary because of its rapid growth. When the roots of the Philodendron Micans twist around the potting soil, it’s time to repot it. It indicates that it is root bound. You will also know your plant is already root bound when it exhibits signs of stunted or poor growth, and its roots extend out through the drainage holes or up through the pot.

When potting and repotting Philodendron Micans use a pot with a good drainage hole. Additionally, use a well-draining potting mix and size up by around 2 inches when repotting your Micans Philodendron.

You may also mix your regular potting soil with horticultural charcoal and organic matter to facilitate your plant’s growth. An orchid potting mix is also beneficial for Micans. Make sure to have a well-draining potting mix to avoid excess water for your plants.

Philodendron Micans Care

LightBright indirect light
TemperatureIntermediate to warm, 68-78 degrees Fahrenheit
WaterOnce a week, increased in summer, decreased in winter
SoilAiry, well-draining soil; not too loose
FertilizationRegular household fertilizer, once a month
SpacePlenty of space to creep or climb
PropagationVia water and soil propagation
BloomingRarely blooms, enough sunlight and maturity needed
PruningRegular pruning 
PottingRegular potting mix, use of horticultural charcoal, perlite and coco coir

Related: Philodendron Pink Princess: The Perfect Care, Propagation, and Watering Guide

Problems and Troubleshooting

Philodendron micans problems

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Overwatering

Philodendron Micans prefers moist soil but not overly wet. The most common cause of root rot with this plant is overwatering. Also, yellowing leaves can cause too much water. So, if you are experiencing this with your plant, try adjusting your watering habits to be more in line with the recommendations for this plant.

Here are some suggestions if you ever experience overwatering:

  • First, keep watering to a limit so that the soil can dry
  • To drain extra water, poke holes in the pot
  • Put the plant in a bright area
  • A fungicide should be applied before repotting into a fresh container

Underwatering

In your Philodendron Micans, this is uncommon, but you’ll usually notice wrinkled leaves, brown margins, and yellowing foliage resulting from underwatering. To keep things simple, water your plants. Maintaining the primary needs of plants will keep them happy and healthy. Water your plants according to the season and the conditions in their environment.

Nutrient Deficiency 

Stunted growth, browning leaves, paler patterns, and other symptoms are all signs of nutrient shortage. Feed your plant to promote root penetration and stronger leaves in order to avoid this problem. However, if you have a high-quality organic potting mix, this house plant doesn’t need a lot of fertilizer. 

To fix this, apply the proper and balanced fertilizer; look for calcium-rich fertilizer. The strength of the nutrients must also be examined because too high a strength might harm plants and cause your Philodendron Micans to develop slowly or with stunted growth.

Yellowing and Drooping

Yellowing of the leaves or other leaf discoloration usually means your plant is getting an excessive amount of direct sunlight. Therefore, you may opt to move it to a different placement where it will not receive extra direct light or where it’s shaded with sheer curtains. 

Meanwhile, drooping may result from excessive or insufficient amounts of water. To address this, adjust your watering schedule appropriately and always check your soil before giving water to your Micans. 

Flowering Problem

This flower is considered ugly by most plant collectors since its blossoms pale in comparison to its beautiful foliage. Additionally, it is unusual for Philodendron micans to bloom indoors.

However, if you want flowers, Micans Philodendron can produce blooms under the correct circumstances. Keep the soil evenly moist and prevent it from completely drying out. Make sure the plant receives a lot of direct, bright light.

Diseases

Any plant can be susceptible to diseases if not properly taken care of. Particularly, plants of this family are affected by Septoria Leaf Spot and Alternaria Leaf Spot, which result in fungal growth. Usually, these are also due to over-watering the plants. Therefore, take action immediately when you see yellowing (Septoria) or brown spots (Alternaria). 

You can treat your plants with a copper-based fungicide, and make sure to be attentive to the watering conditions for it not to happen again.

Pests

Houseplants are also susceptible to pest problems; unfortunately, Philodendron is no exception. 

If you observe the presence of pest infestation, the best thing to accomplish is to remove that plant and separate it from the other plants in your collection to avoid further infestation. These pests love to spread from plant to plant, so it is best to be proactive and isolate the infected plant. 

The next thing to do, frankly the easiest and simplest, is spray your plant with neem oil. Mix two teaspoons of neem oil and a teaspoon of soap in a spray bottle to make this spray. Add water to fill the bottle and shake properly. Spray the plant lightly, including its undersides, and repeat the treatment every 5-7 days.

Neem oil is a natural pesticide that makes it difficult for these bugs to respirate. 

Philodendron Micans Pests and Diseases

Common Pests/DiseasesSymptomsTreatment and Prevention

Common diseases include crown rot, stem rot, root rot, leaf spot, fungal diseases, and Xanthomonas infection
Yellowish rimming around black or dark brown spots on leaves


Avoid overwatering. Keep soil dry. Avoid too high humidity.

Proper ventilation is needed around the plant. Remove infected parts of fungal infections to avoid spreading
Common pests include mealybugs, spider mites, aphids, and scalesVisible insects on the surface

Spray plant with warm, soapy water. If infestation is present, use insecticide or neem oil. Use diatomaceous earth. 

Flowering Problems

Although a Philodendron is a flowering plant, it must reach maturity before flowering. However, mature Philodendrons will yield rich-looking blooms and fruits when cultivated correctly. It blooms in tiny flowers with white or yellow stripes. 

The main issue is that the Philodendron flowers once the plant only matures, which takes around 10 to 15 years and only blooms for about two days per summer.

Problems with People and Animals

Philodendron micans problems

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Toxicity

Unfortunately, Philodendron plants are all considered to be poisonous. It is harmful to people and animals since this plant has calcium oxalate crystals, which can be toxic if consumed. It may cause mild poisoning symptoms after ingestion, including skin irritation and burning of the mouth, lips, and tongue. Keep this plant away from children and pets.

Philodendrons Plants Meaning and Symbolism

Meanings and symbolism

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Philodendrons are said to symbolize love of nature, perfect for plant lovers and those who have a strong passion for eco-friendly living. They also symbolize personal growth, so they would make an ideal gift for someone who is going through major life events or making personal improvements.

General Meaninglove of nature, passion for eco-friendly living
SymbolismPersonal growth

Landscaping and Gardening Ideas

Philodendron micans landscaping

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Companion Plants

Other tropical plants go well with Philodendrons, especially Monsteras and other Aroids. Some of the plants you may consider include bird of paradise, areca palms, fire spike, heliconia, variegated arboricola, croton, chenille plant, and pentas. Some of these plants will have additional colors and hues of warm oranges and reds, which will perfectly complement your cool dark greens.

Here are some of the great companion plants for your Philodendron Micans:

Pothos – They are quite similar in terms of requirements as well as looks. Pothos and philodendrons can be grown together effectively due to their similar care requirements.

Schefflera – Average light, humidity, and water are tolerated or even preferred for Schefflera. It could go well with your Philodendron Micans. Schefflera has glossy, hand-shaped leaves that are quite ornamental. Moreover, they serve as air fresheners, making a simple and attractive combination.

Landscaping Ideas

Philodendrons go well as accents inside a humid room or a cozy deck or patio. A full plant can also be placed in the corner of the house or along the entryway. Outdoors, it can be a filler plant for a garden corner, in between palm trunks, or under tall trees. It can also be placed near pools to add even more tropical vibes as long as it won’t get splashed at.

What to plant withOther Aroids, Bird of Paradise, Areca Palms, Fire Spike, Heliconia, Variegated Arboricola, Croton, Chenille Plant, Pentas
What NOT to plant withBasically nothing

Conclusion

Growing and caring tips

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The Micans are part of Philodendron, a large genus of plants in the Araceae family. The gorgeous Micans Philodendron is indigenous to Mexico and the Caribbean and is characterized by its trailing growth habit and velvety, heart-shaped leaves. 

It enjoys well-drained soil, direct sunlight, and routine watering. Although the Philodendron micans produce flowers in the wild, it is highly uncommon for them to bloom indoors.

Just make sure to follow the tips above, and for sure, you will be a master of your plant in no time! So keep on planting and making the world greener as before.

FAQS

  1. Is Philodendron Micans fast-growing?

The Philodendron Micans is a relatively fast-growing type of Philodendron. They grow much faster when planted with a pole or on a trellis.

  1. Is Philodendron Micans easy to care for?

The Micans Philodendron is easy to care for. The plant routine needed for this plant to grow healthy is pretty straightforward and easy to follow. Beginners can surely try to grow this plant in their homes.

  1. How big does Philodendron Micans get?

This majestic plant can grow up to 10-20 feet when grown outdoors. 

  1. Do Philodendron Micans like to climb or hang?

Your Philodendron Micans are natural climbers. Hence, they love to climb rather than be hanged. As a matter of fact, giving your plant a climbing pole will make them grow healthy and bigger.

  1. Is Micans a Pothos or Philodendron?

Micans is a Philodendron, although it has a growing habit just like a Pothos.

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