Roses are a timeless classic, and with over 300 species and thousands of different varieties, there is a rose flower for just about everyone. Every rose features unique characteristics that make them special.
Some offer gorgeous blooms which look great in the garden, whilst others are much easier to maintain, offering can-like rambling stems.
With so much to choose from, how do you choose which rose to buy and bring home? We look at the different types of roses and hope this article can highlight the features you might be drawn to. Let’s dive right in.
Types Of Roses
There are two main types of roses: Hybrid and Natural. Hybrids are created through cross-breeding. This means that two different species are crossed together to create new hybrids. These hybrids are then bred again and again until they reach perfection.
Natural roses are simply roses that grow naturally. They do not require much maintenance and are usually less expensive.
Rose is one of the most popular flowers in the world. They come in many different colors, shapes, sizes, and scents.
Most people think of roses in their red, pink, white, yellow, orange, or lavender forms. But there are hundreds of varieties of roses. Some are fragrant, while others are not.
Some are thorny, while others are not. And some are grown as cut flowers, while others are grown as garden plants.
Here are some of the most popular varieties and types of roses.
Hybrid Tea Rose
The hybrid tea rose is one of the most popular varieties. They come in a variety of colors, such as pink, red, white, and yellow, and are common in gardens and homes all over the country.
They grow quickly and bloom early. They are hardy and require little maintenance.
Hybrid Perpetual Rose
These roses are similar to hybrid teas, except they don’t die after blooming. They are also known as perpetual roses.
They come in a wide range of colors, including pink, red, orange, and white.
Hybrid Miniature Rose
This type of rose is small and compact. They are usually planted in hanging baskets. They are ideal for smaller gardens and containers. They are also called miniature roses.
Hybrid Rugosa Rose
Rugosas are large, bushy roses. They are extremely vigorous and require lots of sunlight, so are popular in big gardens.
They are great for outdoor use. They come in a wide range of colors, including red, pink, purple, and white.
Hybrid Double Pink
Double pinks are a cross between double and single roses. They are very pretty and come in a wide array of colors, including pink and white.
Hybrid Damask Rose
Damasks are an old-fashioned rose. They have a long history and were once used in weddings. They are often still used in traditional weddings today.
They are easy to care for and produce beautiful flowers. They come in many different colors, including pink, white, and lavender, and are often rich in their color.
Grandifloras are a mixture of two or more different kinds of roses. They are often quite fragrant and are perfect for cutting. They are usually grown indoors but can be grown outside if conditions suit them.
They are seen as a separate group of hybrid tea roses that have floribunda features. This rose was created in the last century.
Hybrid Tea Rose ‘Pixie’
Pixie roses are a mix of climbing roses and dwarf roses. They are often sold as climbers but can be trained into a bush form. Pixie roses are a good choice for beginners because they are relatively easy to grow and produce lovely blooms.
Similar to floribundas, the polyantha is shorter with small blooms. Whilst this might not be best for backyard landscapes, polyanthas are great for edgings and hedges.
These rose bushes are covered in clusters of their little flowers with a prolific bloom that grows from the spring to the fall. Polyantha roses also come in a variety of hues and colors, such as whites, soft pinks, and bright reds.
Shrub roses only need occasional watering during dry spells.
They tend to grow wide and large, and this can be anywhere between 5 and 15 feet in each direction. It can withstand rough winters, and its blooms are produced in bountiful clusters.
Hybrid Tea Rose ‘Climbing Gem’
The Climbing Gem rose has been bred to climb up a trellis, arches, fences, walls, and other structures. It grows well in full sun and requires minimal water. The plants will need trimming every few months to keep them tidy.
Hybrid Tea Rose ‘Gladys Hayes’
The Gladys Hayes rose is a modern version of the traditional climber rose. This rose is suitable for growing on a wall or fence, and it doesn’t need regular pruning.
‘Souvenir de France’ Rose
The Souvenir de France rose is a modern rose. It is suitable for growing in pots, window boxes, and hanging baskets.
Bourbon roses were introduced in France on the Île Bourbon in 1817. The roses are thought to be a mix of China and Damask roses. They have beautiful blooms and are found in white, pink, and red colors. They also have a particularly strong fragrance.
Rosa rugosa is a shrub rose that is known for its thorny branches and dense foliage. It is very hardy and can tolerate cold temperatures. Its blooms are similar to those of the damask rose, but they are smaller and less fragrant.
China roses are exotic varieties and were introduced to the Western world in the latter half of the 18th century. This rose has benefitted from hybridization, and China roses often emit a gorgeous fragrance and grow small but bushy blooms in bright red, soft pink, and yellow.
Hybrid Tea Rose ‘Mme. Jeanne Bessette’
This rose is a hybrid tea rose that was developed by Mme. Jeanne Bessette in France. She is said to have crossed her varieties of roses together to create this particular rose.
Hybrid Tea Rose ‘Rose des Pays d’Aurel’
This rose is another hybrid tea rose that was developed in France. It is one of the most popular types of rose because of its unique look and smell.
Just like the Damask, gallica roses are practically ancient. Some varieties can date back to the 12th century. Sometimes they are known and recognized as the French or Provins rose. The roses also offer a beautiful scent, which is often infused in perfumes.
David Austen Roses
Also known as the English rose, there are hundreds of varieties of this type of rose. It’s very popular with consumers and retailers, and they have a continuous blooming in colors similar to modern roses.
Hybrid Tea Rose ‘Dorothy Perkins’
The Dorothy Perkins rose is a hybrid tea variety that dates back to the early 1900s. It is considered to be one of the best-smelling roses you can grow.
Ground Cover Roses
These are also known as a landscape and procumbent roses, and they are perfect for adding color to your garden. They grow slowly and don’t need much maintenance, whilst usually only growing 2 or 3 feet throughout the summer.
‘Open Arms’ Roses
These are patio roses that come with single or semi-double flowers. They also have a mild to rather strong musky fragrance, and the buds are a bolder and much darker pink, turning into a pastel pink that eventually fades into a paler pink.
‘Bright Smile’ Roses
This small floribunda ‘patio’ rose grows little singular or semi-double yellow flowers with a fresh and almost fruity fragrance. The flowers hold around 10-15 petals and bloom in flushes through the flower season.
This is a carnation rose that comes with double flowers. The flowers are mostly white with a few shades of pink and orange. There is a sweet fragrance to these roses, and they last up to three weeks.
‘Painted Lady’ Roses
This is a classic old-fashioned rose that is still being used today. It is a large shrub rose that has been grown since the 17th century. The flowers are mostly light pink and have a distinctively rich fragrance.
‘Lady Caroline’ Roses
This is another old fashioned rose that was originally bred in England. It is a medium-sized bush rose that is fragrant and has dark red buds that gradually get deeper as time goes on.
This is a hybrid tea rose from Germany. It has a strong fragrance and is very hardy. It is a good choice for beginners who want to start their rose gardens.
A myrtle rose is a shrubby plant with a long history. It has a unique aroma and is quite fragrant. It is also very easy to grow and maintain.
We hope after reading this article, you have learned a little more about the different types of roses you can find to plant and grow in either your garden or home.
With so many colors and different styles, there’s a flower for everyone and before long, with proper care and maintenance, we promise you’ll have one big beautiful bloom.
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