It can occasionally be challenging to distinguish between all of the Monstera species, subspecies, and variants, because there are so many of them.
The Monstera Adansonii variants, sharing the distinctive trait of having fenestrations in their deeply green leaves, are unquestionably the most common Monsteras. However, how can you tell if what you are looking into is the Monstera Adansonii or Laniata if you recently purchased a new plant with identical characteristics?
It is crucial to know what kind of Monstera you are working with, particularly if it is a variegated type. However, as long as you give the majority of Monsteras identical circumstances, you won’t go wrong with their plant care requirements.
To learn how to identify between these two varieties of common Monstera plants, read our in-depth comparison of Monstera Laniata vs. Adansonii.
Monstera adansonii General Overview
The flowering plant species known as Monstera adansonii, sometimes known as Adanson’s Monstera, Swiss cheese plant, or five holes plant, is found widely throughout much of South and Central America. This tropical plant comes from the flowering family of Arums, the Araceae.
Monstera adansonii has broad, glossy leaves that are punctured with holes. As they mature, the leaves take on a pointed, oval shape and turn a darker shade of green. You will encounter Monstera Adansonii in this form the most frequently.
The appearance of two Adansonii side by side may also differ. This has to do with how much light the plants are exposed to when their new leaves grow. The plant that has more fenestrations (holes) in its leaves, the more direct, strong light it receives.
Monstera adansonii var. laniata General Overview
Monstera laniata is a subspecies of the Monstera adansonii. Hence, it is also called Monstera adansonii variation laniata. Although the size and shape of the leaves are roughly similar, Monstera adansonii’s leaves typically have a considerably deeper green hue and an almost reflected appearance due to their extreme sheen.
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However, without closely inspecting them, you might not be able to distinguish between the two. Examining the underside of the leaves is one of the simplest approaches. While the Monstera laniata is more glossy, the Monstera adansonii has a matte appearance.
Furthermore, as opposed to the Adansonii, which has holes all over it in an almost random pattern, the Monstera laniata has two strips of holes down the middle of the leaf. Due to the holes being in two lines that surround each leaf’s center fold, the Laniata is simple to identify.
Laniata Vs. Adansonii Key Differences
The fact that the Monstera Laniata is really referred to as Monstera Adansonii Laniata, indicating that it is a subspecies of the Adansonii, makes it difficult to distinguish between the two plants.
Nevertheless, despite the fact that they are practically identical plants, there are several characteristics that can be used to tell them apart, such as leaf color, fenestrations, and size.
Typically, Adansonii types are separated based on the shape of their leaves, namely whether they have narrow or round leaf foliage. However, these plants can also be separated according to how often they variegate.
But the Laniata develops leaves that are considerably glossier and darker green, particularly when you observe at the undersides. They develop larger leaves as a result of their increased size.
The Adansonii, sometimes referred to as the Swiss Cheese Monstera plant, has intensely green foliage with an underside that appears to have a matte characteristic.
If you’re having trouble telling these two plants apart, you may also have to observe at the fenestrations they have. Different patterns of fenestration can also aid you in distinguishing between different kinds of this plant. This is a significant characteristic that sets Monsteras apart from other plants.
For instance, the Laniata variety develops symmetrical fenestrations as opposed to the sporadic fenestrations of the Adansonii species.
These characteristics can be in use to separate a Laniata from the other subspecies of the Adansonii. It is best to always examine leaf undersides to check if they are matte or glossy.
Monstera Adansonii var. Laniata is an Adansonii variety with a thin, smaller form than the regular Adansonii. The Laniata can reach up to 24 inches in length, while the Adansonii can grow up to 30 inches, depending on the environmental conditions.
However, Laniata has a tendency to grow a little bit bigger than the other Adansonii plants. Therefore, choose a species like the Monstera Friedrichsthalii if you wish to grow a little Monstera Adansonii variant.
Monstera Laniata Vs. Adansonii Care Requirements
These plants, as you now know, are essentially the same. The Monstera Adansonii, along with its subspecies, is a member of the same Arum family, which is Araceae and is native to South America. Therefore, all of the subspecies and variants under this species have comparable plant care manual.
Let’s take a look at the care instructions for these magnificent monsteras!
It is advisable to give water to your adansonii until the water starts to flow from the drainage pores. The most straightforward technique to avoid problems is to let the top 2 to 3 inches of growing soil to dry between watering routines. Overwatering is a significant issue that causes root rot, which has a high chance to kill your plant totally.
The frequency of plant watering is influenced by temperature, humidity, and, light. So, of course, your Monstera will drain its soil more quickly the more direct light it receives.
The same can be said for warmer temperature ranges, so throughout the hot summer months, you’ll need to give water to your Monstera plant more frequently. If the watering is put off until the level of humidity rises, the soil will hold its moisture. Always ensure that the soil never fully dries up because these plants love moist soil.
Monstera adansonii and Monstera laniata light requirements are generally the same. Find a location with plenty of bright and indirect light if you aim for your Monstera adansonii or laniata to flourish.
Your Swiss cheese vine will be able to get essential morning direct sunshine without being harmed because your plant will only be receiving indirect lighting for the remainder of the day.
Alternatively, place your indoor plants close to a window facing north. If you choose to place your plant there, think about relocating it during the winter season, especially if it won’t get enough light. You might also think about cultivating your plants in hanging baskets, but watch out for excessive direct sunshine during the day.
The soil needs of the majority of Monstera houseplants are similar. For instance, because these Monstera plants thrive in slightly moist soil, the pH of the soil should be between 5.5 and 7.0, and it should be loose and well-draining.
Additionally, because they need a lot of nitrogen to produce new leaves, they also favor growing in soil that is rich in nutrients.
Select a peat moss and perlite-containing soil blend designed especially for aroid plants for better drainage and moisture absorption. Although peat moss lowers pH, your Adansonii plant will thrive in it due to the abundance of nutrients it contains.
Alternatively, you might combine fifty percent all-purpose potting soil, thirty percent orchid bark, ten percent peat moss, and ten percent perlite with one part each of peat moss, coco coir, perlite, and sphagnum moss.
These Monsteras prefer a temperature range of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Most homes should find it simple to maintain this. As cold as 55 degrees Fahrenheit and as warm as 85 degrees Fahrenheit, the Monstera Adansonii may endure. Even as the temperature rises, make sure it is sufficiently hydrated.
These plants do not have the ability to resist frost and are not cold tolerant. So, if the general temperature falls under 50 degrees Fahrenheit, bring your Monstera inside.
Keep Adansonii away from conditioners and vents, as they don’t appreciate cold drafts. Likewise, both of the Monstera laniata and adansonii should be maintained away from heaters and fireplaces since they will be harmed by unexpected temperature changes.
Because the Adansonii Monstera needs high humidity, anything over 50% should be acceptable. However, if the level of humidity goes below 50%, your Adansonii will experience health problems.
Because typically, they are normally not so high inside homes, you’ll need to artificially raise the humidity levels. Thankfully, there are some techniques for raising humidity that stand a high chance of working. For instance, you may construct a pebble tray or purchase a humidifier.
Another inexpensive alternative is to mist your plants frequently and place them in rooms with extra humidity, such the kitchen or bathroom.
During their growing season, fertilizing these plants once every month provides the greatest benefits. All-purpose fertilizer is required for this Monstera, but ensure that you diluted it first to half its original strength.
After repotting your Swiss cheese Monstera plant, this fertilizer schedule is no longer valid. For repotting, use fresh growing soil, and because it frequently already contains fertilizer, wait around half a year or six months before treating it once more.
If you’re new to fertilizing, use caution every time you use fertilizers and pay attention to the instructions on the container provided by the manufacturer.
Potting and Repotting
Once every 24 months, Monstera plants need to be divided into new pots, and the beginning of the growth season is the best time to do this. Your plant will have a lot of time to adjust to its new, fresh habitat this way.
Prepare a new pot, fresh potting soil, clean pruners, and clean water before beginning to repot your Monstera plant. Given that the roots can’t survive having an excessive amount of soil surrounding them, the size of the pot you choose for your Monstera should not be significantly larger than the one you previously used.
Additionally, take into account the material of the pot because some materials of pots are able to help with retention of water while some help with the water evaporation.
Although it would be advisable that you always remove any broken or discolored leaves, pruning is considered a step that is not absolutely necessary in caring for Monstera plants. However, by removing some of the branches at the start of the season of active growth, you may regulate the size and shape of your Adansonii.
Laniata Vs. Adansonii Common Plant Issues
Sadly, these plants have both beneficial and terrible qualities. Fortunately, as long as you treat them right, these monsteras won’t cause you too much trouble. The best preventative precaution you can do is to meet your plant’s demands and keep them content.
The following section will show you how to quickly resolve any problems you may encounter, but it’s likely that you will sooner or later.
The most frequent reason for the browning and yellowing of Adansonii leaves is overwatering. However, browning or yellowing can also happen as a result of direct sunlight.
If you notice the leaves becoming yellow or brown, check the light levels and adjust your watering procedures to avoid root rot.
Pests and Diseases
The most common pests that afflict the Monstera adansonii are spider mites and scales. Using a cotton swab that is dipped in 70% or 95% alcohol, spider mites can be removed. However, this is only effective when there aren’t many of them.
The majority of growers advise using neem oil if you observe a spider mite or scale infestation. Spray horticultural oil, neem oil in a fine mist over the entire leaf and stem surface.
The conventional notion that indoor houseplants are vulnerable to ailments such as leaf spot does not apply to the Adansonii. Instead, most plant enthusiasts suggest using a fungicide with a copper base to address this issue.
Other Monstera Varieties
Below is a selection of among the most stunning Monstera types available in case you want to add to your collection. While majority of them are Monsteras, others aren’t even Adansonii!
Learn more by continuing to read.
The leaves of this Monstera plant have the appearance of having been carefully cut with scissors. Its plump, upright spike gives it a charming appearance (or spadix). The form, size, and amount of the egg-shaped foliage cuts can all vary.
Numerous fenestrations is throughout these plants. You may be in surprise to learn that Monsteras developed these holes to help them resist strong winds and heavy rain. They relieve pressure and make it simple for raindrops to access the foliage easily.
Another appealing trait of the Deliciosa Monstera is its edible fruit. The spathes on the flowers of this Monstera eventually turn into delectable fruit.
You can plant Monstera Deliciosa and receive gorgeous home decor as well as excellent fruit!
Though it resembles our preferred Adansonii, the Leichleriana grows more quickly and takes up plenty of room. At the stem’s tip, it forms a dense cluster comprising of 10 up to 15 leaves. Additionally, the petiole bases overlap, the stem internodes are shorter, and the stem is hidden.
Less and smaller holes is in the Leichleriana. In some immature plants, fenestrations might not even be present, but they surely will develop as it ages.
The Monstera Obliqua is unquestionably one of the rarest Monstera plants!
This plant finally looks like a skeletal plant because of all the holes it has! However, they produce thin, stringy leaves that help keep the plant together. Because of this, the plant seems to be wilting even when everything is normal.
The numerous holes in the leaves of this plant prevent it from having much chlorophyll, which is why it stays small its entire existence.
If you are able to locate a Monstera Obliqua, you are quite fortunate because they are very rare and rather expensive. Only 17 species in the wild has an identification, and the majority of those have undergone hybridization.
We must highlight Acuminata even though it is not well-known like the other Monstera kinds. This is because this is a hemiepiphytic plant, meaning that in its early stages it grows in a horizontal position on the ground to look for a something to climb to.
That’s right, Monstera acuminata is a climber Monstera, and once it starts ascending, you’ll need to give it a moss pole or any other form of support.
In its natural environment, this plant can reach a height of 98 feet, but don’t worry—it won’t become that huge inside your home. As houseplants, they usually reach a height of approximately 8 feet.
As they grow older, they also get fenestrations, and as they ascend, their deeply-green leaves are gorgeous!
Despite being entirely different species, the Split-leaf Philodendron and Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma, often known as Mini Monstera, look remarkably similar to one another.
However, this variation is not at all a Monstera species. They are both Araceae plants, which is the only thing they actually have in common.
Even yet, this plant is unique because, while being smaller (thus the name “Mini Monstera”), it perfectly mimics the common Monstera plant.
Although they generate distinctive dark green foliage with similar holes to Monstera plants, their huge fenestrations usually reach to the margin of the leaves.
The Monstera Peru is undoubtedly one of the most unusual Monstera species because it lacks fenestrations, a characteristic feature of almost all Monstera plants.
As the plant becomes older, the veins in the dark green leaves become more apparent. It is a small, tightly packed shrub that thrives in dappled light.
It is not technically a requirement to have a moss pole, but you can still provide them some support if the plant keeps getting tall.
Among the more famous new monstera varieties on the market is Monstera epipremnoides, also called monstera esqueleto. The Epipremnoides likewise feature narrow, pointed leaves with a very much alike fenestration pattern.
In contrast to the other types, these Monstera species produce leaves which are light green in color rather than dark green. However, they are quite beautiful, therefore any plant enthusiasts should think about getting one.
Despite the fact that the plants we are discussing are similar, you can still tell that they differ in several ways. To identify a Monstera plant, all you have to do is glance at its leaves.
You can see from our in-depth comparison of Monstera Laniata vs. Adansonii that both plants are rather simple to take care of — just make sure the soil is consistently moist, and the temperature and humidity are high enough, and they’ll be content as can be.
FAQs: Laniata Vs. Adansonii
1. What other variations of Monstera Adansonii are there?
Botanists frequently distinguish distinct Monstera Adansonii varieties depending on how they look. This includes their shape, whether round or thin, and any variegation. A significant factor is whether or not they are variegated.
There are five subspecies of Monstera Adansonii:
2. What distinguishes Adansonii and Laniata from one another?
The full name of Monstera Laniata is Monstera Adansonii var, a subspecies of Monstera Adansonii. Laniata. Having said that, they are rather comparable. Although they have similar leaf shape, the devil, however, is definitely in the tiny details. Thanks to a few minor variations, one can distinguish these two Monstera plants.
For instance, the Monstera Laniata variant grows to a bigger size and develops glossy leaves, but most Adansonii types have matte leaves, especially when viewed from the bottom. Furthermore, the Monstera Laniata possesses symmetrical fenestrations as opposed to the random fenestrations of the Adansonii.
3. How is a Monstera Laniata cared for?
Care instructions are identical for most of this plants. Provide your Laniata Monstera with well-draining, loose soil, nutrient-rich, and bright indirect light. Give it plant food at least once a month during the active growth season.
Maintain a temperature of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit and a humidity of 50%. When the soil in the top two to three inches of the plant dries out, water it. When the plant outgrows its pot, repot it. Check to see if the roots begun to emerge from the bottom drainage holes to do this!
4. Are Monsteras fast grower?
The Monsteras are generally fast-growers. However, their growth rate depends on the light conditions they receive.
If your plant receives a good amount of bright indirect light, it will surely actively grow. However, if it is in a darker environment, your plant will grow slowly and will lose its fenestrations and holes.
5. Do Monsteras go dormant?
No. This plants do not go into dormancy because they do not produce bulbs or storage organs that plants utilize during the winter season for energy and sustenance, like your Alocasias and other Lilies.
6. Is Monstera laniata rare?
The Monstera laniata is somewhat a rare plant. Although, with the advent of tissue culture cultivation, the plant’s availability in the market has improved.
7. Is Monstera adansonii an indoor plant?
Yes, the Swiss Cheese vine is an excellent indoor plant. Just make sure to put it near windows to receive sunlight and away from cold drafts.
8. How do you propagate Monsteras?
Adansonii and Monstera laniata propagation are exactly the same. They can be propagated using stem cuttings. Choose a stem with at least one node. If aerial roots are present, then that is a perfect choice. Dip the cutting into a proper growing medium and wait for the roots to grow extensively.
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